What is Bursitis?
Bursitis is a condition named after the body part in which it affects, the bursa. The bursa are small, fluid-filled sacs that pad the bones, muscles, and tendons near your joints. Bursa help you absorb shock, prevent soreness where the tendons and ligaments pass over the bones and keep the joints moving easily.
Bursitis arises when your bursae become inflamed. This decreases your ability to absorb shock and the area around your joints will also become irritated and tender.
What Causes Bursitis of the Feet and Ankles?
There are a few things that can cause bursitis in an individual, including one or more of the following:
- Age. The bursa’s ability to absorb shock can wear down over time.
- Repetitive motion. Too much repetitive motion, such as from over-exercising can cause the bursa to become inflamed.
- Trauma, like a sports injury.
- Rapid joint movement or a sudden twisting of the joint.
- Overusing the joint. Like going up and down stairs frequently.
Symptoms of Bursitis of the Feet and Ankles
If you have bursitis, it may present itself in one or more of the following ways:
- Pain in the joint
- Joints are swollen or inflamed
- Heat emanates from the affected area
- Limited movement of the joint
- Muscles around the affected joint are weakened
- Joint pain increases in the morning or after not moving the joint for an extended period of time
- Feet ache (for bursitis of the foot specifically)
- Difficulty moving feet (for bursitis of the foot specifically)
Bursitis Treatment and Prevention
If you arrive at Rocky Mountain Foot & Ankle displaying signs of bursitis, after a thorough examination, we may prescribe anti-inflammatory medicines such as cortisone or steroids to help shrink the bursa. In severe cases, your bursa may need to be surgically removed.
There are ways you can help prevent bursitis from becoming worse, such as:
- Resting your joints if you have been overusing them.
- Discontinue any strenuous exercise or other activities that involve the use of the affected joint.
- Reduce inflammation and swelling by applying cold packs to the joint every 20 minutes. You may find the use of menthol-based creams beneficial as a part of your cold therapy.
- Absorb shock in your joints by using cushioned insoles in your shoes.
- Take over-the-counter pain relievers as needed.
- Use motion and stretching exercises (that you can handle without causing more pain) to help strengthen your muscles and ease discomfort.
- Wear shoes that fit your feet properly and are comfortable.
- Wear shoes with a large toe box, especially if the pain is in your toes or the ball of your foot.
If your bursitis persists or gets worse while implementing the above tips, the experts at Rocky Mountain Foot & Ankle recommend that you make an appointment as soon as possible.
Pain in the feet and ankles can be especially burdensome because it inhibits your ability to exercise, stand, and walk normally. If you’re experiencing foot and/or ankle pain, schedule an appointment with one of our friendly foot doctors. The podiatrists at Rocky Mountain Foot & Ankle will thoroughly examine your feet and evaluate your symptoms to better understand your condition. We will work with you to create a treatment plan that best fits your needs and puts an end to your pain.
Call (208) 855-5955 or request an appointment online.